Enlarged Prostate Gland: Overview

Enlarged Prostate Gland: Overview

The enlarged prostate gland is medically called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). This is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged but not cancerous. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction. It is normal that a man’s prostate goes through 2 main growth cycles, first is in early puberty where it doubles its size and the second time happens around the age 25 and goes on for most of the rest of a man's life. BPH most often occurs during this second growth phase.

As the prostate gland enlarges it presses against the urethra and the bladder wall becomes thicker. As it continues the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty fully leaving urine in the bladder all time. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is not cancerous and will not develop to cancer but it may happen with other cancer at the same time, it is about half of all men between ages 51 and 60 have BPH. Up to 90% of men over age 80 have it.

What are the symptoms of having BPH?

  • Needing to urinate often, might be every 1 to 2 hours, mainly at night.
  • Feeling that the bladder is full, even right after urinating
  • Feeling that urinating "can't wait"
  • A weak flow of urine
  • Needing to stop and start urinating several times
  • Trouble starting to urinate
  • Trouble starting to urinate
  • Needing to push or strain to urinate


Who is more at risk to have this?

  • Aged 40 years and older
  • Have a family history of benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Have medical conditions such as obesity, heart, and circulatory disease, and type 2 diabetes
  • Have a lack of physical exercise
  • Have erectile dysfunction


If you are experiencing these severe symptoms we are encouraging you to have a check with a doctor:


  • Complete inability to urinate
  • Painful, frequent, and urgent need to urinate, with fever and chills
  • Blood in the urine
  • Great discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen and urinary tract


Regular checkups are important even for men who have had surgery for BPH. Surgery does not protect against prostate cancer because only part of the prostate is removed. In all cases, the sooner a doctor finds a problem, the better the chances that treatment will work.






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