The Inflammation of the Prostate Gland

The Inflammation of the Prostate Gland

Prostatitis is defined as the swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized gland situated directly below the bladder in men. It is a painful condition that can happen to any man at any age felt in the pelvic area. Pelvic pain in and around the prostate may be from:

  • An infection caused by bacteria
  • Inflammation (painful, red, swollen tissue) from an injury or infection
  • Some other problem
  • Prostatitis, if you think you have prostatitis or have long-term or sharp pelvic pain, talk to a doctor so you can get some serious help.

Here are the symptoms:

  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)
  • Difficulty urinating, such as dribbling or hesitant urination
  • Frequent urination, particularly at night (nocturia)
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Cloudy urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back
  • Pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum (perineum)
  • Pain or discomfort of the penis or testicles
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Flu-like signs and symptoms (with bacterial prostatitis)

Based on these symptoms you may be classified to any of the kinds of prostatitis, there are 4 types of prostatitis:

  1. Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS)
  2. Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
  3. Acute (Sudden) Bacterial Prostatitis
  4. Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis


Who are at more risk?

  • Being young or middle-aged
  • Having had prostatitis previously
  • Having an infection in the bladder or the tube that transports semen and urine to the penis (urethra)
  • Having pelvic trauma, such as an injury from bicycling or horseback riding
  • Using a tube inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder (urinary catheter)
  • Having HIV/AIDS
  • Having had a prostate biopsy
  • Complications
  • Complications of prostatitis can include:
  • Bacterial infection of the blood (bacteremia)
  • Inflammation of the coiled tube attached to the back of the testicle (epididymitis)
  • A pus-filled cavity in the prostate (prostatic abscess)
  • Semen abnormalities and infertility, which can occur with chronic prostatitis


Even though there's no direct evidence that prostatitis can lead to prostate cancer this is also a serious condition that needs to be treated right away. It’s still best to consult your doctor if you feel any pain around your pelvic area or any of the said symptoms.




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